Sneaky Labeling: The Hidden Foods List

We advocate the consumption of a whole food, nutrient-dense diet – one that is fresh, minimally processed, and properly prepared; preferably organic, without excess processing methods, chemicals or preservatives.

Processed foods are notorious for including many common allergens. Carefully read labels of prepared or packaged foods. Some foods (particularly soy, wheat, corn, and yeast) can “hide” behind ambiguous names.

In the United States, labels are required to list the 8 most common allergens (soy, egg, wheat, milk, shellfish, fish, peanut, tree nut); look for the words “May Contain” around the ingredient list. Note that corn, an increasingly common sensitivity, is not required to be clearly listed.

The lists below will help you to decipher nutrition labels so that you can make an educated decision before you purchase any processed/packaged food.

Corn
  • Acetic acid
  • Alcohol
  • Alpha tocopherol
  • Artificial flavorings
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Ascorbates
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Aspartame
  • Baking powder
  • Barley malt (can be contaminated)
  • Bleached flour (sometimes)
  • Blended sugar (sugaridextrose)
  • Brown sugar (sometimes from caramel color)
  • Calcium citrate
  • Calcium fumarate
  • Calcium gluconate
  • Calcium lactate
  • Calcium magnesium acetate (CMA)
  • Calcium stearate
  • Calcium stearoyl lactylate
  • Caramel and caramel color
  • Carbonmethylcellulose sodium
  • Cellulose microcrystalline
  • Cellulose, methyl
  • Cellulose, powdered
  • Cetearyl glucoside
  • Choline chloride
  • Citric acid (sometimes)
  • Citrus cloud emulsion (CCS)
  • Coco glycerides (cocoglycerides)
  • Confectioners sugar
  • Corn alcohol
  • corn gluten
  • Corn extract
  • Corn flour
  • Corn oil, corn oil margarine
  • Corn starch
  • Corn sweetener
  • Corn sugar
  • Corn syrup, corn syrup solids
  • Corn, popcorn, cornmeal
  • Cornstarch, cornflour
  • Crosscarmellose sodium
  • Crystalline dextrose
  • Crystalline fructose
  • Cyclodextrin
  • DATUM (a dough conditioner)
  • Decyl glucoside
  • Decyl polyglucose
  • Dextrin
  • Dextrose (also found in IV solutions)
  • Dextrose anything (such as monohydrate or anhydrous)
  • d-Gluconic acid
  • Distilled white vinegar
  • Drying agent
  • Erythorbic acid
  • Erythritol
  • Ethanol
  • Ethocel 20
  • Ethylcellulose
  • Ethylene
  • Ethyl acetate
  • Ethyl alcohol
  • Ethyl lactate
  • Ethyl maltol
  • Fibersol-2
  • Flavorings (sometimes)
  • Food starch
  • Fructose (sometimes)
  • Fruit juice concentrate
  • Fumaric acid
  • Germ/germ meal
  • Gluconate
  • Gluconic acid
  • Glucono delta-lactone
  • Gluconolactone
  • Glucosamine
  • Glucose (sometimes)
  • Glucose syrup (sometimes. Also found in IV solutions)
  • Glutamate
  • Gluten
  • Gluten feed/meal
  • Glycerides
  • Glycerin (sometimes)
  • Glycerol
  • Golden syrup
  • Grits
  • High fructose corn syrup
  • Hominy
  • Honey (sometimes)
  • Hydrolyzed corn
  • Hydrolyzed corn protein
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein
  • Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
  • Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose pthalate (HPMCP)
  • Inositol
  • Invert syrup or sugar
  • Iodized salt
  • Lactate
  • Lactic acid (sometimes)
  • Lauryl glucoside
  • Lecithin
  • Linoleic acid
  • Lysine
  • Magnesium citrate
  • Magnesium fumarate
  • Magnesium stearate
  • Maize
  • Malic acid
  • Malonic acid
  • Malt syrup from corn
  • Malt, malt extract
  • Maltitol
  • Maltodextrin
  • Maltol
  • Maltose
  • Mannitol
  • Methyl gluceth
  • Methyl glucose
  • Methyl glucoside
  • Methylcellulose
  • Microcrystaline cellulose
  • Modified cellulose gum
  • Modified corn starch
  • Modified food starch
  • Molasses (corn syrup may be present; know your product)
  • Mono- and di- glycerides
  • Monosodium glutamate
  • MSG
  • Natural flavorings (sometimes)
  • Olestra/Olean
  • Polenta
  • Polydextrose
  • Polylactic acid (PLA)
  • Polysorbates (e.g. Polysorbate 80 – sometimes)
  • Polyvinyl acetate
  • Potassium citrate
  • Potassium fumarate
  • Potassium gluconate
  • Powdered sugar
  • Pregelatinized starch
  • Propionic acid
  • Propylene glycol, Propylene glycol monostearate (sometimes)
  • Saccharin
  • Salt (iodized salt)
  • Semolina (unless from wheat)
  • Simethicone
  • Sodium carboxymethylcellulose
  • Sodium citrate
  • Sodium erythorbate
  • Sodium fumarate
  • Sodium lactate
  • Sodium starch glycolate
  • Sodium stearoyl fumarate
  • Sorbate
  • Sorbic acid
  • Sorbitan
  • Sorbitol
  • Sorghum (sometimes mixed with corn)
  • Splenda (Artificial sweetener)
  • Starch (any kind that’s not specified)
  • Stearic acid
  • Stearoyls
  • Sucralose (Artificial sweetener)
  • Sucrose
  • Sugar (sometimes – not identified as cane or beet)
  • Threonine
  • Tocopherol (vitamin E)
  • Treacle (aka golden syrup)
  • Triethyl citrate
  • Unmodified starch
  • Vanilla, natural flavoring
  • Vanilla, pure or extract (sometimes)
  • Vanillin
  • Vegetable anything that’s not specific
  • Vinegar, distilled white
  • Vinyl acetate
  • Vitamins, Vitamin C, Vitamin E (sometimes)
  • Xanthan gum
  • Xylitol
  • Yeast (sometimes)
  • Zea mays
  • Zein
Eggs
  • Albumin
  • Apovitellin
  • Artificial flavoring (sometimes)
  • Baked goods (sometimes)
  • Candy (sometimes)
  • Cholesterol free egg substitute (e.g. Eggbeaters®)
  • Dried egg solids, dried egg
  • Egg, egg white, egg yolk
  • Egg wash
  • Eggnog
  • Fat substitutes (sometimes)
  • Globulin
  • Ice cream (sometimes)
  • Lecithin (sometimes)
  • Livetin
  • Lysozyme
  • Mayonnaise
  • Meringue, meringue powder
  • Natural flavoring (sometimes)
  • Nougat (sometimes)
  • Ovalbumin
  • Ovoglobulin
  • Ovomucin
  • Ovomucoid
  • Ovotransferrin
  • Ovovitelia
  • Ovovitellin
  • Pasta (sometimes)
  • Powdered eggs
  • Root beer (sometimes)
  • Silici albuminate
  • Simplesse
  • Soups, canned (sometimes)
  • Surimi
  • Trailblazer
  • Vitellin
  • Whole egg
Fish/Shellfish
  • Agar
  • Alginic acid
  • Ammonium alginate
  • Anchovies
  • Asian sauces (sometimes)
  • Barbecue sauce (sometimes)
  • Caesar salad dressings (sometimes)
  • Calcium alginate
  • Disodium ionsinate
  • Fried foods (sometimes)
  • Imitation Crab
  • Imitation Fish
  • Potassium alginate
  • Propylene glycol alginate
  • Sodium alginate
  • Steak sauce (sometimes)
  • Worcestershire sauce (sometimes)
Milk
  • Acidophilus Milk
  • Butter (natural or artificial)
  • Butter-flavored oil
  • Butter solids
  • Natural butter flavor
  • Buttermilk or powder
  • Caramel flavoring (sometimes)
  • Casein
  • Caseinates: Ammonium caseinate, Calcium caseinate, Magnesium caseinate, Potassium caseinate, Sodium caseinate, Hydrolyzed casein, Iron caseinate, Zinc caseinate
  • Cheese (all types)
  • Cheese flavor
  • Cheese, vegetarian (sometimes)
  • Cream
  • Curds
  • Custard
  • Energy drinks, beverage mixes (may contain whey protein)
  • Flavoring (sometimes)
  • Galactose
  • Ghee
  • Half & Half
  • Hydrolysates: casein hydrolysate, milk protein hydrolysate, protein hydrolysate, whey hydrolysate, whey protein hydrolysate
  • Ice cream
  • Ice milk
  • Sherbet
  • Lactalbumin
  • Lactalbumin phosphate
  • Lactate solids
  • Lactic Acid (sometimes)
  • Lactyc yeast
  • Lactitol monohydrate
  • Lactoglobulin
  • Lactose
  • Lactulose
  • Margarine (unless dairy-free)
  • Milk – all kinds, except verified non-dairy sources
  • Powdered Milk
  • “Protein” flour (sometimes)
  • Milk fat
  • Natural flavoring (sometimes)
  • Nisin preparation
  • Nougat
  • Pudding
  • Quark
  • Recaldent
  • Rennet, rennet casein
  • Sherbert
  • Simplesse (fat replacer)
  • Soups, canned (sometimes)
  • Sour cream (including imitation)
  • Tuna, canned (may contain casein)
  • Turkey, pre-basted (sometimes)
  • Whey (anything with whey on the label)
  • Whipped topping
  • Yogurt (regular or frozen)
  • Some Probiotics (check for milk in the allergens list)
Peanuts
  • Arachic oil
  • Arachis
  • Arachis hypogaea
  • Artificial flavoring (sometimes)
  • Artificial nuts
  • Baked goods (sometimes)
  • Beer nuts
  • Boiled peanuts
  • Candy (sometimes)
  • Chili (sometimes)
  • Chocolate (sometimes)
  • Crumb toppings (sometimes)
  • Crushed nuts, crushed peanuts
  • Earth nuts
  • Egg rolls (sometimes)
  • Enchilada sauce (sometimes)
  • Ethnic foods: African, Asian, Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, Thai, Vietnamese, Mexican (sometimes)
  • Graham cracker crust (sometimes)
  • Flavoring (sometimes)
  • Fried foods (sometimes)
  • Goober peas
  • Ground nuts, ground peanuts
  • Hydrolyzed peanut protein
  • Hydrolyzed plant protein (sometimes)
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (sometimes)
  • Lupine (Lupinus albus), seed or flour (possible cross-reaction)
  • Mandelonas
  • Marzipan (sometimes)
  • Mixed nuts
  • Mole sauce (sometimes)
  • Monkey nuts
  • Natural flavoring (sometimes)
  • Nougat (sometimes)
  • Nu-Nuts®
  • Nut pieces
  • Nutmeat
  • Peanuts, peanut butter, peanut butter chips, peanut butter morsels
  • Peanut flour
  • Peanut oil – cold pressed, extruded or expelled
  • Peanut paste
  • Peanut sauce, peanut syrup
  • Spanish peanuts
  • Virginia peanuts
Sesame
  • Asian foods (sometimes)
  • Benne, benne seed, benniseed
  • Bread and baked goods, breadcrumbs, crackers, cereals (sometimes)
  • Canned soups (sometimes)
  • Dips and spreads such as hummus, chutneys (sometimes)
  • Dressings, gravies, marinades, sauces (sometimes)
  • Gingelly, gingelly oil
  • Gomasio (Sesame salt)
  • Seeds (sometimes)
  • Sesame oil
  • Sesamol, sesamolina
  • Sesamum indicum
  • Sim sim
  • Tahini/Tahina (sesame paste)
  • Tempeh (sometimes)
  • Til
  • Tortilla chips (sometimes)
  • Vegetable oil (sometimes)
  • Vegetable pates (sometimes)
  • Vegetarian burgers (sometimes)
Tree Nuts
  • Almond, Prunus dulcis (Rosaceae)
  • Almond paste
  • Anacardium nuts
  • Artificial flavoring (sometimes)
  • Artificial nuts
  • Baked goods (sometimes)
  • Beech nut, Fagus spp. (Fagaceae)
  • Brazil nut, Bertholletia excelsa (Lecythidaceae)
  • Bush nut, Macadamia spp. (Proteaceae)
  • Butternut, Juglans cinerea (Juglandaceae) (also known as Walnut, Heartnut)
  • Candy (sometimes)
  • Caponata
  • Cashew, Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae)
  • Chestnut, Castanea spp. (Fagaceae) (Chinese, American, European, Seguin)
  • Chinquapin, Castanea pumila (Fagaceae)
  • Filbert, Corylus spp. (Betulaceae)
  • Gianduja
  • Ginkgo nut, Ginkgo biloba L. (Ginkgoaceae)
  • Hazelnut, Corylus spp. (Betulaceae)
  • Heartnut, Juglans spp. (Juglandaceae) (also known as Walnut, Butternut)
  • Hickory nut, Carya spp. (Juglandaceae)
  • Indian nut
  • Karite (shea nut)
  • Lichee/Lychee nut, Litchi chinensis Sonn. Sapindaceae
  • Macadamia nut, Macadamia spp. (Proteaceae)
  • Mandelonas
  • Marzipan
  • Mashuga nuts
  • Mortadella (sometimes)
  • Nangai nut
  • Natural flavoring (sometimes)
  • Natural nut extract (for example, almond extract)
  • Nougat (sometimes)
  • Nu-Nuts®
  • Nut butters, all kinds
  • Nut meal
  • Nutella®
  • Nutmeat
  • Nut oils, all kinds
  • Nut paste
  • Nut pieces
  • Pecan, Carya illinoensis (Juglandaceae)
  • Pesto (sometimes)
  • Pili nut, Canarium ovatum (Burseraceae)
  • Pine nut/Pigñolia/Piñon nut, Pinus spp. (Pineaceae) (Indian, piñon, pinyon, pigndi, pigñolia, pignon nuts)
  • Pistachio, Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae)
  • Pralines
  • Shea nut, Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn. (Sapotaceae)
  • Shea nut, Butyrospermum Parkii
  • Walnut, Juglans spp. (Juglandaceae) (English, Persian, Black, Japanese, California) – also known as Butternut, Heartnut
Soy
  • Artificial flavoring (sometimes)
  • Asian foods (e.g. Japanese, Chinese, Thai, etc.) (sometimes)
  • Baked goods (sometimes)
  • Bean curd
  • Chicken nuggets (sometimes)
  • Deli meats (sometimes)
  • Edamame (soybeans in pods)
  • Hot chocolate mix (sometimes)
  • Hot dogs (sometimes)
  • Hydrolyzed soy protein
  • Hydrolyzed plant protein (sometimes)
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) (sometimes)
  • Kinnoko flour
  • Kyodofu (freeze dried tofu)
  • Lecithin (sometimes)
  • Miso
  • Natto
  • Natural flavoring (sometimes)
  • Okara (soy pulp)
  • Peanut butter (sometimes)
  • Shoyu sauce
  • Soups, canned (sometimes)
  • Soy albumin
  • Soy concentrate
  • Soy fiber
  • Soy formula
  • Soy grits
  • Soy milk
  • Soy miso
  • Soy nuts
  • Soy nut butter
  • Soy protein, soy protein concentrate, soy protein isolate
  • Soy sauce
  • Soy sprouts
  • Soybean Oil – cold pressed, extruded or expelled
  • Soya
  • Soya flour
  • Soybeans
  • Soybean granules
  • Soybean curd
  • Soybean flour
  • Soy lecithin
  • Soybean paste
  • Supro
  • Tamari
  • Tempeh
  • Teriyaki sauce
  • Textured soy flour (TSF)
  • Textured soy protein (TSP)
  • Textured vegetable protein (TVP)
  • Tofu
  • Tuna, canned (sometimes)
  • Turkey, pre-basted (sometimes)
  • Vegetable burgers (often contain TVP)
  • Vegetable broth (sometimes)
  • Vegetable gum (sometimes)
  • Vegetable starch (sometimes)
  • Yakidofu
  • Yuba (bean curd)
Sulfites
  • Potassium bisulfite
  • Potassium metabisulfite
  • Sodium bisulfite
  • Sodium metabisulfite
  • Sodium sulfite
  • Sodium dithionite
  • Sulfur dioxide
  • Sulphurous acid
Wheat/Gluten
  • Artificial flavoring (sometimes)
  • Bread — any type made with white flour, wheat flour, or derivatives
  • Bread crumbs
  • Bulgur
  • Caramel color (sometimes)
  • Cereal extract
  • Chicken nuggets (sometimes)
  • Club wheat, Triticum compactum Host.
  • Couscous
  • Cracker meal
  • Deli meats (sometimes)
  • Dextrin (sometimes)
  • Durum wheat, Triticum durum Desf.
  • Einkorn, Triticum monococcum L. subsp. monococcum
  • Emmer, Triticum turgidum L. subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell. (also known as farro)
  • Farina
  • Farro, Triticum turgidum L. subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell. (also known as emmer)
  • Flour: atta, club, common, durum, einkorn, emmer, farina, graham, kamut, maida, semolina, spelt, triticale, triticum
  • Flour: all purpose, bread, bromated, cake, enriched, high gluten, high protein, instant pastry, phosphated, plain, soft wheat, steel
    ground, stone, ground, self-rising, unbleached, white, whole wheat
  • Gelatinized starch (sometimes)
  • Food starch (sometimes)
  • Fu
  • Glucose syrup (sometimes)
  • Gluten — wheat gluten, vital gluten, vital wheat gluten, fu
  • Hot chocolate mix (sometimes)
  • Hot dogs (sometimes)
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) (sometimes)
  • Ice cream (sometimes)
  • Kamut, Triticum polonicum L. (also known as khorasan wheat)
  • Licorice (sometimes)
  • Malt, malt extract
  • Maltodextrin (sometimes)
  • Matzo — Matzo meal (also spelled as matzoh, matzah, or matza)
  • Modified starch, modified food starch (sometimes)
  • Monosodium glutamate, MSG (sometimes)
  • Natural flavoring (sometimes)
  • Noodles, pasta
  • Oats (sometimes)
  • Seitan
  • Semolina, Triticum durum Desf.
  • Spelt, Triticum spelta L.
  • Soups, canned (sometimes)
  • Soy sauce, shoyu, tamari, teriyaki sauce (sometimes)
  • Surimi (sometimes)
  • Tabbouleh
  • Textured vegetable protein (sometimes)
  • Triticale, x Triticosecale ssp. Wittm.
  • Triticum, Triticum aestivum L., Triticum durum Desf., Triticum compactum Host., Triticum spelta L., Triticum durum Desf., Triticum monococcum L. subsp. monococcum, Triticum turgidum L. subsp.dicoccon (Schrank) Thell., Triticum polonicum L., x Triticosecale spp. Wittm.
  • Turkey, pre-basted (sometimes)
  • Wasabi peas (sometimes)
  • Wheat, Triticum aestivum L.
  • Wheat berries
  • Wheat bran
  • Wheat germ
  • Wheat germ oil
  • Wheat protein isolate
  • Wheat starch
  • Wheat sprouts
  • Wheat, sprouted
  • Wheat, whole
  • Whole wheat bread
  • Vegetable gum (sometimes)
  • Vegetable starch (sometimes)
  • Wheatgrass
Yeast
  • Anything fermented (vinegar, alcohol, bean paste, soy sauce, etc.)
  • Baked goods with baker’s yeast (pizza dough, bread, etc., including most sourdough breads)
  • B Vitamins (unless stated that they are not from yeast)
  • Barley malt
  • Beer
  • Berries, most kinds
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Buttermilk
  • Canned/bottled juices
  • Cheese (all kinds)
  • Cider
  • Citric Acid (often made from fermented corn)
  • Dried fruits: apricots, figs, raisins, cranberries, etc.
  • Fish sauce
  • Flavor enhancer (usually MSG, though it may also be yeast extract)
  • Ginger Ale
  • Grapes
  • Jams/Jellies
  • Lactic acid (generally made from fermented corn or potatoes)
  • Liquor
  • Malt
  • Malted barley flour
  • Meats, aged or cured (sausage, bacon, etc.)
  • Miso
  • MSG (produced from fermentation of starch or sugar)
  • Mushrooms
  • Olives
  • Peanuts and peanut products
  • Preserved or pickled foods
  • Raisins
  • Raspberries
  • Root beer
  • Sauerkraut, naturally fermented
  • Shoyu
  • Soy sauce
  • Strawberries
  • Tamari
  • Tea, black; bagged teas
  • Tempeh
  • Vinegar (and foods containing vinegar, such as olives, mustard, ketchup, etc.)
  • Wine
  • Yeast extract (autolyzed, hydrolyzed)
  • Yeast spreads (Vegemite, Marmite, etc.)
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